50 Years of Trust | An ISO 9000:2008 CO
Follow on: twitterfacebook
India: +91 98402 77503, +91 98403 56270
USA: +1 818 772 0498
U.K:   +44 7841 687403

Know How to Get GST Refunds

A timely refund mechanism is essential in tax administration, as it facilitates trade through the release of blocked funds for working capital, expansion and modernization of existing business. Refund provisions in GST are more transparent as compared to provisions contained in the earlier indirect tax regime. Also, the claim and sanctioning procedure are primarily online and time bound.

The taxpayer needs to apply in the prescribed format on the GST portal within the stipulated period and the application must be supported by relevant documents, such as invoices, shipping bills, and bank statements.

The GST authorities will process the refund claim and may undertake scrutiny to verify the eligibility of the taxpayer for the refund. Upon verification, the refund amount will be credited to the taxpayer’s bank account electronically.

Refund can be claimed under the following circumstances

  1. Any excess balance in Electronic Cash Ledger as per the provision of Section 49(6)
  2. Unutilized Input Tax Credit at the end of any tax period
      a)Under the Zero-rated Supplies made without payment of Tax
    1. b)Accumulated ITC on account of input being higher rate than the rate of tax on output supplies
  3. Tax paid on export of goods under “with payment of tax” scheme
  4. Refund on deemed export supplies
  5. Refund of excess payment of tax
  6. Refund on account of “any other” ground or reason

Documents required for refund application

The applicant needs to file the requisite form online in the GST portal or through a Facilitation Centre notified by the Commissioner for submitting an application for GST refund of the tax, interest, penalty, fees paid by them. Along with the application, the applicant shall be required to submit the following documents as given below

A. Refund of tax paid on export of goods or services (with payment of tax)

  1. Copy of Shipping bill
  2. Copy of “Let Export order”

B. Refund of tax paid or unutilized ITC on export of goods or services and supply to SEZ unit (with/without payment of tax)

  1. Copy of GSTR-2A of the relevant period
  2. Copy of the Invoices
  3. Self-certified copies of the invoices which are not found in GSTR-2A but included in GST refund application
  4. BRC/FIRC/any other document indicating the receipt of sale proceeds of services
  5. Self-declaration that the applicant has not been prosecuted for five years from the relevant period where tax evaded is more than Rs 2.5 crores

C. Refund of unutilized ITC under inverted tax structure

  1. Copy of GSTR-2A of the relevant period
  2. Copy of the Invoices
  3. Self-certified copies of invoices which are not found in GSTR-2A but included in GST refund application

D. No separate documents required for the refund application under the following circumstances

  1. Refund of excess balance in the electronic cash ledger
  2. Refund of excess payment of tax
  3. Refund of tax paid on an intra-state supply which is subsequently held to be an inter- state supply and vice versa

E. Refund on account of assessment/provisional assessment/appeal/any other order

Copy of the order can be submitted along with the refund application

Time limit for GST refund application

As per the provisions of CGST act, 2017, GST refund application shall be filed within 2 years from the relevant date. The relevant date shall vary for each situation. Hence, the applicant has to plan their refund claim within specified time limit.

There is no time limit for claiming excess balance in electronic cash ledger as refund, provided that GST returns are duly filed.

Gst issues

Potential challenges in getting a refund

  1. Refund applications may be rejected if they are not filed correctly or if the supporting documents are not in order.
  2. The applicant should have duly filed GSTR 1 and GSTR 3B for the relevant period. Any error or mistake in the returns may lead to rejection of application
  3. Refund application shall not be sanctioned if the applicant has not complied with the provisions of Unjust enrichment
  4. The applicant should not perform the following mistakes in order to avoid rejection of application
      a) Lack of Vendor Invoice and Payment Documentation
    1. b) Ineligible ITC Refund Claims
    1. c) Mismatch Between Refund Claims and GSTR 2B

However, we need to know that no rejection order can be passed by the officer before giving opportunity of being heard to the applicant for providing clarification or additional details as required by the officer.

Further, any person aggrieved by the rejection order passed by the adjudicating authority has the right to appeal to the appellate authority within three months from the date on which the said decision or order is communicated to such person.

Certificate from Chartered accountant or Cost accountant

Where the amount of refund claimed is more than Rs 2 lakh a certificate shall be obtained from a Chartered Accountant or a Cost Accountant stating that the incidence of tax, interest or any other amount claimed as refund has not been passed on to any other person .

This blog post has been written by Yuvarani of V Ramaratnam and Company


What is the minimum amount for filing a refund application?

The minimum tax amount to be refunded in a refund application is Rs.1,000.

What in case if taxpayer miss shipping and invoice bill in a month, can he add the details in subsequent month and get a refund?

Yes, a taxpayer can add the details in subsequent month and can get a refund.

Can refund claims be filed even if GSTR-1/3B for the particular period has not been filed?

No. Refund claim for a tax period can be filed only after filing the details in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-3B for the said tax period before the refund application is being filed.

When does the refund get credited to the bank account?

Once the GST refund application has been approved and the refund order has been passed in form RFD 06, the amount shall be credited to the applicant’s bank account within 60 days from the date of the said order.

If the refund is not credited within the specified time limit, interest at the rate of 18% p.a. shall be credited along with the refund amount to the applicant's bank account from the date after the 60th day till the date of refund.

In case of excess credit or wrong credit of GST refund, the taxpayer shall remit the refunded amount to the government along with the interest at the rate of 24% p.a. from the date of refund credited till the date of remittance.

Can an unregistered person get a GST refund?

Yes. An unregistered person can claim a refund of GST paid when the contract is terminated or cancelled.

Eg., An unregistered person has entered into a contract with a registered supplier for Rs. 1,00,000. Subsequently, the contract was cancelled before execution. The supplier withheld Rs 20,000 and refunded Rs. 80,000. Now, the unregistered recipient is eligible to claim a refund on the portion of the GST which has not been remitted back by the supplier I.e., Rs. 20,000.

The procedure for claiming a refund is similar to that of the registered person. He would require to get temporary registration and apply for a refund. The officer, on being satisfied by the correctness of the application, shall pass an order for refund which will be credited to the applicant’s bank account within 60 days from the date of refund order.

Comments are closed.