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Revenue dept. looks to plug capital gains tax leakage

Having observed variations in capital gains tax computation, the revenue department is working on a mechanism to analyse futures and options (F&O) trade data and pre-initial public offering (IPO) transactions.

“The directorate of 1-T sys-tems is working on certain risk-assessment parameters to access the data, which could be on the basis of buying and selling prices of shares in F&Os, variations in margins, fair market value versus IPO prices, etc. The idea is to segregate and process the voluminous data on equity derivatives for effective use,” said a senior government official privy to the plan.

At present, the department receives huge amounts of data on such trades from multiple sources, including stock exchanges and depositories, but is unable to process it efficiently, which leads to tax leak-age, the official added.

He said the module being developed in mission mode aimed to remove anomalies in capital gains tax calculations.

According to the rule, income/loss arising from trading in F&Os would be treated as business income/loss for taxation.

This means taxpayers who have made gains or incurred losses in the derivatives market will have to show and file them in their income-tax returns.

In the case of capital gains through sales of shares in an  ΠΡΟ, while the rules are clear for the listed space, with January 31, 2018, set as the reference day for computing the cost of acquisition, there are anomalies in the unlisted space in long term capital gains calculations, because the fair market value of a share (before listing) is open to interpretation, the official said.


  • Identifying risk parameters to process speculative trading data
  • Some parameters such as fair market value, variation in margins, and losses could be used
  • In past few years, cases of capital gains tax evasion through stock market transactions have been probed
  • Growing instances of reversal trades and booking fictitious profit and loss triggered the move

Source: Business Standard

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